Tiny Singapore is innovating in the way land is being utilised by going deep down to overcome its space constraints.
The Singapore miracle is one that is well-documented. Despite lacking in natural resources, this little red dot has defied expectations to emerge as an economic powerhouse.
This year’s International Monetary Fund (IMF) ranking, for instance, places the Lion City in fourth position behind Qatar, Luxembourg and Macau as the world’s wealthiest country with a GDP per capita of US$87,082.
Measuring only 719.1 sq km and with a population of 5.6 million, the city state is also among the most densely populated country in the world. The World Bank 2016’s data puts Singapore as having the third highest population density in the world with 7,909 people per sq km after Macau and Monaco.
Yet despite its geographical constraints, this economic miracle has managed to balance rapid urbanisation while preserving its lush environment.
Often dubbed the Garden City, a recent study by researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the World Economic Forum (WEF) puts Singapore in top position well ahead of Sydney and Vancouver with the highest green density at 30 per cent.
However, beneath its well-manicured gardens and glittering skyscrapers lies a secret underground space that not many Singaporeans are aware of.